Haiti Zombie Slaves
Haiti Zombie Slaves refers to an old time legend of human's being turned into zombies in Haiti. It is not clear if the rumor is based on the Haitian slave trade or voodoo tradition.
Zombies are featured widely in Haitian rural folklore as dead persons physically revived by the act of necromancy of a bokor, a sorcerer or witch. The bokor is opposed by the houngan (priest) and the mambo (priestess) of the formal voodoo religion. A zombie remains under the control of the bokor as a personal slave, having no will of its own.
Clairvius Narcisse (January 2, 1922 – 1994) was a Haitian man who claimed to have been turned into a zombie by a Haitian vodou, and forced to work as a slave.
One hypothesis for Narcisse's account was that he had been administered a combination of psychoactive substances (oftentimes the paralyzing pufferfish venom tetrodotoxin and the strong deliriant Datura), which rendered him helpless and seemingly dead. The single greatest proponent of this possibility was Wade Davis, a graduate student in ethnobotany at Harvard University, who published two popular books based on his travels and ideas during and immediately following his graduate training. However, subsequent scientific examinations (using tools of analytical chemistry alongside critical review of earlier reports) have failed to support the presence of the claimed key pharmacologically active compounds in the supposed zombie preparation, which was central to the phenomena and mechanism reported by Davis. No further supporting evidence has appeared.
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